The Kingdom of Pipecland was a children’s kingdom that existed between 1938 and 1978. Founded by a young Montessori teacher, within an annual summer camp in rural Hungary, Pipecland was a fictional world within our world. Throughout its 40-year lifespan, Pipecland grew into a society of its own, with its own customs, a way of speaking, rituals, symbols, songs, style of art and so on. This happened because in Pipecland because the children’s imagination could come true through an act of role-playing, where nothing was scripted, new identities could be embodied and the lines between fictional and real blurred and overlapped. To say that Pipecland was a Utopia is on one hand not true, on the other hand, a major understatement. It is not true because it was real. It really happened. And it is a Utopia because it was an attempt to create an ideal Society through the darkest days of Fascism and Communism. Needless to say, the Kingdom and the children’s camp that gave a home to it were completely illegal, surviving in a political grey-zone.